Docker Installation and Sample Application Deployment – Practical Guide

Last Updated on February 5, 2024 by cscontents

Introduction to Docker

Docker is a containerization platform.  Docker provides us with OS-level virtualization, we can use it to package software and run them as containers. To deploy an application as a docker container we need a docker image of that application, the docker image can be built from a Dockerfile. A Dockerfile is nothing but a text document that contains all the commands that we need to run to build the Docker image. If we don’t use the Dockerfile, then we need to run all the commands manually to build that Docker image. So, it is better to put all those commands in a text file (Dockerfile) and use it as many times as you want to build the image.

To know more about Docker, you can have a look at the wiki page of Docker.

If you would like to know about Hypervisor & Container Technology, then please head over to the below article.

Hypervisor vs Container technology – Let’s discuss


To complete this guide you need to fulfil the below prerequisite.

  • You need to have a Linux machine.
  • You need to have experience in using basic Linux commands.

Agenda of the Guide

In this guide, we will install docker on an Ubuntu machine and then deploy a sample ‘hello world’ application as a docker container. For simplicity, we will deploy only one container.

We will divide this article into two sections.

  1. Section 1: Docker Installation
  2. Section 2: Deploying Sample Application as Docker Container

Section 1: Docker Installation

To install Docker on Ubuntu, run the below commands.

Update the Linux OS package.

sudo apt update

Install Docker by running the below command.

sudo apt install

If you are using a Red Hat Linux machine, then use ‘yum’ instead of ‘apt’.

To check the version of the installed docker, run the below command.

docker --version


docker version

By running the below command, we can check all the running containers in the Docker engine. Since we have just installed docker, and we have not deployed any container, so output of the below command should show no container.

docker ps

(here ps means “process status”, this command will show all the running docker containers which are running)


docker ps

We can use the below command to check all the containers (stopped & running).

docker ps -all

Section 2: Deploying Sample Application as Docker Container

As we have installed the docker (docker engine), let’s play with it. Let’s deploy a sample application in docker (docker engine) which will run as a docker container.

  • To deploy an application as a docker container, we need the docker image, which is nothing but a packaging of that application.
  • We need to build the docker image from a Dockerfile.

For this purpose, we will use the below sample Python application.

We need to clone the repo in our local machine by running the below command.

git clone

Now go inside the “my-hello-world-python” directory.

cd my-hello-world-python

Run the below command to build the docker image.

docker build -t <build context> <Path of Dockerfile>

Here, -t is for tagging, it is nothing but the name of the image we want to give. It is also called build context.

For details about the ‘docker build’ command, please follow the official documentation of docker.

docker build -t my-hello-world-python .


docker build

Now we can check the built docker images. For this, run the below command.

docker images


docker image

Now we will use this docker image to deploy this sample application as a docker container. For this, run the below command.

docker run -d -p 5000:5000 my-hello-world-python

(In the above command my-hello-world-python is the image name, if we don’t specify the container name with the above command, our docker container will have the same name as the docker image. But if we want to have our docker container a different name then we need the below command.

docker run -d --name hello-world-container -p 5000:5000 my-hello-world-python

here, our container will have ‘hello-world-container’ name.)

docker run


-d: To run the container in the background (in detach mode). Instead of ‘-d’, if we use ‘-t’ it will run in terminal mode (not in the background),

-p: To mention the port.

There are two ports,

  • One is the port used by the container internally, i.e. on 5000 port our Python flask application runs inside the container.
  • But If we don’t map this port to any external port or if we don’t expose this port to the public, we won’t be able to access it outside the docker host. For this we need

Note: The 5000 port is the default port in the Python Flask application.

docker port

To check the running container, we need to run the below command.

docker ps


docker ps

Now we can access that application by running below CURL command below.

curl localhost:5000


docker app


This is how we can deploy any application as a docker container.


In conclusion, this practical guide has walked you through the comprehensive process of Docker installation and the deployment of a sample application, providing a solid foundation for incorporating containerization into your development and deployment workflows. As we navigated through this guide, you’ve acquired essential skills for orchestrating lightweight, portable, and scalable applications within isolated environments.

As you continue your exploration of Docker, delve deeper into its rich ecosystem, encompassing container orchestration tools, networking solutions, and a vast repository of pre-built images on Docker Hub. Embrace the versatility of Docker to containerize diverse applications and microservices, fostering a modular and scalable architecture.


Thank You.

If you are interested in learning DevOps, please have a look at the below articles, which will help you greatly.